Landsat Image Mosaic of Antarctica (LIMA) - Processed Landsat Scenes (16 bit) (USGS/LIMA/SR)

The Landsat Image Mosaic of Antarctica (LIMA) is a seamless
and virtually cloudless mosaic created from processed
Landsat 7 ETM+ scenes.

Processed Landsat Scenes (16 bit) are Level 1Gt NLAPS
scenes converted to 16 bit, processed with sun-angle
correction, and converted to reflectance values
(Bindschadler 2008).

Each Landsat scene is processed with elevation
data and sun-angle correction to ensure surface features
were accurately represented. The sun’s angle in Antarctica
gives the appearance of a setting sun. Because of the low
sun angle, as Landsat passes over Antarctica, the outer
edges of the continent appear brighter than areas closer
to the South Pole, so scenes have bright and dark areas.
Inconsistent sun angles and shadows where corrected for
these scenes. Without this process, mosaicking would produce
a patchwork of scenes since each scene would have a brighter
and a darker side.

Users can find individual image metadata available as a table at:

NameDescriptionGee WavelengthGSD (m)
B1Blue0.45 - 0.52 µmmeters
B2Green0.52 - 0.60 µmmeters
B3Red0.63 - 0.69 µmmeters
B4Near infrared0.77 - 0.90 µmmeters
B5Shortwave infrared 11.55 - 1.75 µmmeters
B7Shortwave infrared 22.08 - 2.35 µmmeters
B8Panchromatic0.52 - 0.90 µmmeters


USGS (producer, licensor)
Google Earth Engine (host)
STAC Version 0.6.0
Keywords antarctica, ice, landsat_derived, lima, mosaic, sr, usgs
License proprietary
Temporal Extent 6/29/1999, 5:00:00 PM - 9/3/2002, 5:00:00 PM
Citation Bindschadler, R., Vornberger, P., Fleming, A., Fox, A., Mullins, J., Binnie, D., Paulson, S., Granneman, B., and Gorodetzky, D., 2008, The Landsat Image Mosaic of Antarctica, Remote Sensing of Environment, 112, pp. 4214-4226. [PDF](
Type image_collection